Firstpost Tech Mars rover Curiosity begins hunt for life; zaps first rock
The Mars rover Curiosity zapped its first rock on Sunday with a high-powered laser gun designed to analyse Martian mineral content, and scientists declared their target practice a success.
The robotic science lab aimed its laser beam at the fist-sized stone nearby and shot the rock with 30 pulses over a 10-second period, NASA said in a statement issued from mission control at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory near Los Angeles.
Each pulse delivers more than 1 million watts of energy for about five one-billionths of a second, vaporizing a pinhead-sized bit of the rock to create a tiny spark, which is analyzed by a small telescope mounted on the instrument.
The ionized glow, which can be observed and recorded from up to 25 feet (7 meters) away, is then split into its component wavelengths by three spectrometers that give scientists information about the chemical makeup of the target rock.
The combined system, called the Chemistry-and-Camera instrument, or ChemCam, is capable of discerning more than 6,000 different wavelengths in the ultraviolet, infrared and visible light spectrum and is designed to take about 14,000 measurements throughout Curiosity’s Mars mission.
The purpose of Sunday’s initial use of the laser, conducted at roughly 3 a.m. Pacific time (1100 GMT), was as “target practice” for the instrument. But scientists will examine the data they receive to determine composition of the rock, which they dubbed “Coronation,” NASA said.
“We got a great spectrum of Coronation – lots of signal,” said ChemCam principal investigator Roger Wiens of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, where the instrument was developed. “After eight years of building the instrument, it’s payoff time.”
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